Meanwhile, his political enemies accused him of provoking, or starting, the war. The ensuing four-year civil war sprawled across Roman territory leaving Pompey dead, murdered in Egypt, and Caesar undisputed leader of Rome. This year, monuments were raised to him and to his brother as the son of Ares or as Ares himself.
Caesar won, along with conservative Marcus Bibulus. Rome was on the brink of civil war. Caesar restored the deposed Queen Cleopatra back to her throne while in Egypt. Caesar probably thought that his main task of conquest was complete. Caesar was also instrumental in the expansion of Roman territory through his military conquests.
After an especially great victory, army troops in the field would proclaim their commander imperator, an acclamation necessary for a general to apply to the Senate for a triumph.
He knew that the vast territories Rome now controlled needed a strong central power, and he was it. Roman satirists ever after referred to the year as "the consulship of Julius and Caesar. His youngest brother, Postumus, participated in the Trojan game with the rest of the equestrian youth.
Caesar quickly took advantage of these connections and the shifting power position in Gaul to extend the realm of Roman control. His assassination prevented further and larger schemes, which included the construction of an unprecedented temple to Mars, a huge theatre, and a library on the scale of the Library of Alexandria.
This served to restore stability to the region, whilst keeping Judaea from becoming powerful.
Pompey, on the other hand, had remained in Rome and strengthened his political position by appearing as a leader in a time of chaos. In 53 BC Crassus was killed leading a failed invasion of the east. Only its altar now remains.
On his way to Greece across the Aegean Sea, Caesar was kidnapped by pirates and held for ransom. According to Eutropiusaround 60 men participated in the assassination. One half remained under Archelaus, while the other half was subdivided between his brothers, Antipas and Philip.
A crowd who had gathered there started a fire, which badly damaged the forum and neighbouring buildings. From every corner the young consul was visited by envoys offering requests and paying homage. As a sign of leniency, he first had their throats cut.
However, Caesar had at his command a tough, loyal, and experienced army, as well as an extensive following in Italy.
Antony, who had been drifting apart from Caesar, capitalised on the grief of the Roman mob and threatened to unleash them on the Optimatesperhaps with the intent of taking control of Rome himself. Caesar used the problems and hardships of the period to create his own supreme political and military power.
Civil war When Caesar returned to Rome in 50 B. He also set the precedent, which his imperial successors followed, of requiring the Senate to bestow various titles and honours upon him.
This addressed the underlying problem that had caused the Social War decades earlier, where persons from outside Rome or Italy did not have citizenship. Caesar also defeated his former ally turned rival Pompey, who abandoned the throne in Rome and fled as Caesar and his troops approached the city.
It was for the crime of extorting presents from kings regnum muneribus that Lollius lost the friendship of Gaius and drank poison.
After this, he passed a law that rewarded families for having many children, to speed up the repopulation of Italy. He lacked means since his inheritance was confiscated, but he acquired a modest house in Suburaa lower-class neighbourhood of Rome.
He remarried the granddaughter of Sulla Pompeia as his first wife had died. Caesar attempted to get away, but, blinded by blood, he tripped and fell; the men continued stabbing him as he lay defenceless on the lower steps of the portico.Finally, a plot arose; friends soon became enemies and a brutal death came to a dictator.
Military Success & Reforms. Gaius Julius Caesar had returned to Rome in triumph, hailed as a hero. During his time as a Roman general, he claimed to have killed almost two million people in fifty decisive battles. Casca struck first, using a dagger at the dictator’s neck, and the rest joined in the stabbing.
His body was cremated at the place where the Temple of Caesar was built years later. Julius Caesar’s literary works have earned him the. He was named Gaius Julius Caesar, like his father and grandfather before him.
Both had been republican officials, but the Julian clan’s greatest link to high power when Julius was born was through marriage. Caesar’s father’s sister was married to Gaius Marius, a giant of Roman life and seven times consul. Watch video · While Julius Caesar hailed from Roman aristocrats, his family was far from rich.
When Caesar was 16, his father, Gaius Caesar, died. He remained close to his mother, Aurelia. Wife and Kids.
In 84 BC, Julius Caesar married Cornelia, the daughter of a nobleman. Together they had a daughter, Julia Caesaris, in 76 B.C. In 69 BC.
Gaius Julius Caesar, one of the world’s greatest military leaders, was born into a senatorial, patrician family and was the nephew of another famous Roman general, Marius.
After the death of Marius and the rise of Sulla, Caesar’s life was for a time in jeopardy, but in the early 60s b.c. he launched his own successful political and military.
Like Julius Caesar in the play, Elizabeth had no natural heir, and the English people worried about the effects of the power struggle that might take place if there were many people vying for the throne.
In Julius Caesar, Shakespeare explores themes of leadership, power and corruption which would have been quite relevant to the people of the day.Download